Skip to content

I. Driving technique

Chapter 5: Driving

Every driver must:

  • Be able to drive, have the necessary knowledge and skill
  • Be constantly able to perform all necessary maneuvers
  • Have constant control of the vehicle or animals he is driving
  • It is prohibited to use the telephone while holding it in your hand unless the vehicle is stationary or parked.

  • It is an offense to hold it in your hand even if you are not on the phone.

Driving position

  • Hands must be placed on the steering wheel in the 9:15 or 10:10 position.
  • Arms and legs slightly bent, back against the backrest.
  • A distance of maximum 5 cm between the back of the head and the headrest.
  • Never drive from the inside. 

The pedals

From left to right:  

  • The  clutch allows you to shift gears and not stall.
  • The brake to slow down or stop the vehicle  
  • The accelerator to drive faster
  • To shift gear you have to disengage
  • To disengage is to press the clutch pedal, thus cutting the transmission of energy from the engine to the wheels.
  • Engaging means lifting the clutch pedal and transferring energy from the engine to the wheels

The gearbox

  • Allows you to control the speed at which the engine runs . This is called revving the car . Speed ​​is measured in revolutions per minute .
  • Too high a rev would result in high consumption.
  • Too low a rev will result in a lack of power and high consumption.
  •  You must ensure that the engine speed is neither too high nor too low, by adapting the speeds to the situation.
  • The engine speed of a diesel vehicle is 2000 rpm.
  • The engine speed of a gasoline vehicle is 2500 rpm

ABS: Anti-lock wheel system 

  • Helps prevent the wheels from locking in the event of emergency braking.
  • If the ABS warning light is on, this means that the system has been deactivated due to a malfunction in the braking circuit.

Engine brake 

  • When you stop accelerating, the vehicle brakes with the engine.
  • To do this, the vehicle must be moving and a gear must be engaged.
  • Do not turn off the engine or put it in neutral while the vehicle is moving.
  • Depressing the clutch pedal will cancel the engine braking. 

Hydroplaning 

  • Phenomenon which occurs when at least one wheel of the vehicle is no longer in contact with the road. 
  • Avoid sudden braking and steering, take your foot off the accelerator .
  • Aquaplaning  only lasts a few seconds .
  • Causes  : Speed, poor tire quality

I test my knowledge with questions

Chapitre 1: La réglementation