Skip to content

I. Place of drivers on public roads

Chapter 6: Vehicles in Motion

When the public road has a carriageway, drivers must use it.

Motor vehicle drivers

When the public road has two or three separate carriageways, drivers cannot use the carriageway on the left in relation to the direction of their travel , unless there are local regulations.

You should always drive as far to the right as possible.

Any driver traveling on the road must stay as close as possible to the right edge except: 

  • When traveling in a roundabout or in a square

The driver is also not obliged to drive as far to the right as possible:

  • When it must comply with  directional gantries in order to follow a direction
  • When he must comply with the selection arrows in order to follow a direction

In built-up areas , the driver can choose his lane on two types of roads:

  • When traveling on a one-way roadway divided into a traffic lane
  • When traveling on a two-way roadway divided into four or more traffic lanes. At least two lanes are required in each direction of traffic (2 x 2)

When traffic density justifies it, the driver can choose his lane:

  • When traveling on a two-way roadway divided into four or more lanes of traffic
  • When traveling on a one-way roadway , divided into traffic lanes or not
  • When traveling on a roadway divided into traffic lanes above which suspended lights are placed

All drivers must leave devices intended to channel traffic, in particular bollards and directional islands, to their left, unless local regulations apply .

The driver must also leave the refuges on his left , except when traffic requirements justify leaving them on his right.

The driver may be obliged to pass on one side only with the obligation signal D1 .

Drivers of class A 2-wheel mopeds and cyclists

  • When the public road has a cycle path , cyclists and mopeds A must travel there  when it is in the direction
  • Cyclists under the age of 10 can use sidewalks and overhanging shoulders in all circumstances .

Drivers of 2-wheel mopeds and speed pedelecs

  • When speed is limited to 50 km/h or less , they can use the cycle path , they therefore have the choice but are not obliged as long as they do not endanger the other users who are there.
  • When a higher speed is in effect they must use the cycle path.
  • When cyclists and drivers of two-wheeled mopeds have to travel on the cycle path, they can leave it to change direction, to overtake or to go around a fixed obstacle.
  • If there is no cycle path , cyclists and drivers of class A two-wheeled mopeds can travel on level shoulders and parking areas.
  • Cyclists can also   travel on sidewalks and projecting shoulders outside of built-up areas .
  • speed pedelec offers assistance up to 45 km/h and is therefore much faster than a regular e-bike

Motorcycle drivers

  • Motorcyclists traveling on a one-way roadway without traffic lanes can travel across the entire width of the roadway.
  • When traveling on a road with two directions of traffic, they can be placed on half the width located on the right side.
  • Motorcyclists traveling on a  roadway divided into traffic lanes can stay across the entire width of the traffic lane they occupy.
  • Movements made by motorcyclists on the part of the roadway they occupy are not considered maneuvers.
  • When bikers travel in groups they must be staggered.

Animal drivers

  • When traveling in built-up areas they must use the road
  • Outside of built-up areas, they can use level shoulders located to the right in relation to the direction of their travel , provided they do not put other users in danger.

I test my knowledge with questions

Chapitre 1: La réglementation