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III. Give way

Chapter 6: Vehicles in Motion

Rail vehicles

  • All users (pedestrians and drivers) must give way to rail vehicles and move away from the railway tracks as soon as possible.

The crossroad

  • The driver approaching an intersection must be extra careful to avoid any accident.
  • All drivers must give way to those coming on their right.

Right priority

Right priority applies in an intersection where traffic is not regulated by:

  • qualified agent
  • light signals
  • road signs

The driver traveling in a roundabout must never give priority to the driver coming on their right.

The driver who has a “triangle on point” or a “Stop” must give way on the left and right to any other driver traveling on the public highway or roadway that he is approaching.

The driver who emerges (leaves) a dirt road or a path to approach (enter) a public road provided with a carriageway must give way to the left and right 

In this case the right priority will never apply

The maneuvers

The driver who wants to execute a maneuver must give way to other users.  

Are considered as maneuvers:

  • Change lane or lane
  • Exceed
  • Park (enter or exit)
  • Leaving private property (garage or parking lot)
  • Make a U-turn or reverse .
  • Go around an obstacle

Principle of the zipper

Conditions to apply it:

  • traffic slowed significantly ,
  • traffic lane which ends or on which traffic is interrupted

How it works?

  • The conductors whose strip ends interpose on the other strip just before the end of their strip
  • Drivers who travel on this free lane must, in turn , give priority to a driver who comes between them.

What is the running order?

HAS; B; C and D

The fact that a cyclist takes the roadway at the end of a cycle path while continuing to travel straight ahead is not a maneuver. You must give priority to the cyclist in this case.

If the roadway has 3 lanes, what is the order of passage?

VS ; HAS ; B and F; D; E

The driver who crosses a sidewalk or a cycle path must give way to users (pedestrians, cyclists and cycle drivers) who are traveling there.

The driver who must give way can only continue walking if he can do so without risk of accident , taking into account the position of other users, their speed and the distance at which they are.

Les arrêts de bus

  • Dans les agglomérations, le conducteur qui suit la même direction qu’un autobus ou qu’un trolleybus, doit lui permettre de quitter son point d’arrêt lorsqu’il a indiqué avec son clignotant.

  • Il doit ralentir et, au besoin, s’arrêter.

Les véhicules prioritaires

Dès que l’approche d’un véhicule prioritaire qui est signalé par l’avertisseur sonore spécial, tout usager doit immédiatement

  • dégager
  • et céder le passage
  • au besoin il doit s’arrêter.

The emergency corridor

In the event of a line forming, drivers must leave an emergency lane

When to do it and why?

  • In the event of a line formation , drivers must facilitate the passage of ambulances, police officers and firefighters when they are on mission
  • Motorcyclists are authorized to travel on the emergency corridor at a maximum of 20 km/h

Congestion at intersections

The driver engaged in an intersection where traffic is regulated by a qualified agent or traffic light signals, may clear the intersection without waiting for traffic to open in the direction in which he is going to enter , unless a red light placed at his right on the public road he is going to take prohibits him from doing so.

Never block the intersection

Even if traffic light signals authorize it, a driver cannot enter an intersection if the traffic congestion is such that he would likely be stopped in the intersection.

The blind spot

The blind spot is the area inaccessible to a driver’s visual field  which does not allow him to see part of his environment. The blind spot can hide a pedestrian or a vehicle for a brief or long time depending on the relative speed between the two vehicles.

Practical cases

If the broken white line is interrupted before the junction, the driver on the right has priority. So priority to the blue vehicle.

If the broken white line continues to the junction, it is the driver whose strip ends who must carry out a maneuver  In this case he will have to give way. So the red vehicle has priority.

The cyclist whose cycle path ends and who must use the roadway continuing straight ahead has priority over vehicles traveling on the roadway. Priority to the cyclist.

In this intersection right priority is applicable, but the cyclist is traveling on a cycle path which crosses the intersection continuously

Order of passage A; B and C.

Right priority is applicable. The cycle path is interrupted at the crossroads.

Order of passage B, A and C.

Right priority is applicable. The cyclist is traveling on a suggested cycle lane and not on a cycle path. 

Order of passage B, A and C.

I test my knowledge with questions

Chapitre 1: La réglementation