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IV. Behavior in the event of a breakdown and accident

Chapter 3: Users

The driver of a vehicle that has broken down or is involved in an accident must take the necessary measures to guarantee safety and the flow of traffic.

  • He must store the vehicle in the same manner as a parked vehicle.
  • When a vehicle (or trailer) cannot be moved or is parked in a place where stopping and parking are prohibited, the driver must indicate this using the danger triangle.
  • The driver must turn on the hazard lights or place a flashing yellow-orange portable light .

Triangle of danger

Danger triangle  placed

  • Below (behind) the vehicle at a minimum distance of 30 meters in built-up areas, motor roads and on other ordinary roads.
  • In built-up areas a lower and authorized distance or even on the vehicle.
  • On motorways, at least 100m away (behind vehicle).
  • It must be visible from a distance of approximately 50 meters to approaching drivers.

On highways and automobile roads

  • The driver of a broken down vehicle that is on the emergency lane or involved in an accident must wear their  retroreflective vest  before leaving their vehicle.
  • It is forbidden to wait in the vehicle, life expectancy on the emergency lane is 20 minutes. 
  • Use telephone terminals placed every 2 kilometers in Wallonia.
  • In the event of a breakdown, call 101.
  • In the event of an accident, call 100 or 112 (Belgium and Europe)

Occasional towing

It must be done with a solid fastener.

If the length of the tie exceeds 3 meters , it must be marked with a piece of red cloth. At night the attachment must be lit.

It is prohibited to tow on motorways and automobile roads.

Maximum speed 25 km/h.

Vehicle movement

If the driver is absent , refuses or is unable to follow the orders of the qualified agents, the qualified agent can have the vehicle and its load moved .

On automobile roads and motorways, the qualified agent automatically arranges for the movement of the vehicle and its load.

The trip is carried out at the risk and expense of the driver and the civilly responsible persons.

Accident with damage

In the event of an accident with material damage (no injuries)

  • Vehicles must be moved , if this is not possible they must be reported.
  • Before moving them, you must mark the positions with a greasy chalk.
  • You have to stay on the scene to make the observation.
  • If one of the parties does not agree, we call a qualified agent to make the observation.
  • If the qualified agent cannot be present, we will report it to the police office where we live or the nearest one.
  • If a party who suffered damage is not present, they must leave their contact details and report the accident to the police.

In the event of an accident with bodily injury (with injured)

  • Moving vehicles is not obligatory, they must be reported.
  • Help the injured but do not move them.
  • Do not give food, drink or medication.
  • Do not remove the helmet of a motorcyclist involved in the accident who is on the ground.
  • It is the qualified agent who must make the observation.
  • If the qualified agent cannot be present, we have 24 hours to do so at the police station where we live or the nearest one.

Anyone involved in an accident aged 15 or over must show their identification card to everyone else involved in the accident.

The person who wants to leave the scene of the accident must show their identity card to others.

What order to follow in the event of an accident?

  1. To protect yourself

The first measures to take are those which prevent the accident from getting worse:

  • Park 100 or 150 m after the accident so as not to pose an additional risk of accident and not to hinder the approach of emergency services.
  • Remove all occupants from your vehicle and shelter them behind the safety barrier.

      2. Alert

  • After a quick analysis of the situation,  alert as quickly as possible. 
  • On the motorway , give priority to calling terminals which will make it easier to locate you. 
  • Give full information to emergency services.
  • Describe the exact location of the accident and the address: name of the road, direction in which the accident occurred (refer to signs, terminals, etc.)
  • Mention the  number, type of vehicles involved in the accident , and any special circumstances.
  • Inform about the  injured.

      3. Rescue

  • While waiting for help to arrive, it is appropriate to assist the injured without risking worsening their condition.
  • Talk to the injured person this will reassure him and keep him awake.
  • Cover the injured person. An injured person in shock is always cold.

If the injured person is bleeding profusely:

  • Stop the bleeding by compressing the wound with a large bandage (with cloth).

While waiting for help, place the injured person in a Side Safety Position.

The accident report

  • It is a recommended accessory to have in the vehicle.
  • report for both drivers (vehicle A and B).
  • Made up of two sheets placed one on top of the other, the lower one made of carbon paper will reproduce everything that is written on the first.

  • The observation is the same in all languages.
  • Describe the circumstances of the accident with a drawing and indicate all lights, road signs and road markings.
  • Check the boxes in the middle to specify the circumstances.
  • If both drivers agree, they will sign at the bottom of the document and each takes their slip.
  • The front side can no longer be modified and the back side must be completed at home.
  • If 3 vehicles are involved in an accident, 2 reports are required .

I test my knowledge with questions

Chapitre 1: La réglementation